The Net Effect of Immigration, including unauthorized immigration, is BENEFICIAL.
Ever hear your friends or family rant about illegal immigrants and the threatening invasion? Most of those folks get their fake news from Trump TV and just repeat what they hear. If you would like to be armed with some actual researched data, read on.
Immigrants in the U.S.
From Pew Research, June 2019
How many people in the U.S. are immigrants?
The U.S. foreign-born population reached a record 44.4 million in 2017. Since 1965, when U.S. immigration laws replaced a national quota system, the number of immigrants living in the U.S. has more than quadrupled. Immigrants today account for 13.6% of the U.S. population, nearly triple the share (4.7%) in 1970. However, today’s immigrant share remains below the record 14.8% share in 1890, when 9.2 million immigrants lived in the U.S.
Who is arriving today?
More than 1 million immigrants arrive in the U.S. each year. In 2017, the top country of origin for new immigrants coming into the U.S. was India, with 126,000 people, followed by Mexico (124,000), China (121,000) and Cuba (41,000).
What is the legal status of immigrants in the U.S.?
Most immigrants (77%) are in the country legally, while almost a quarter are unauthorized, according to new Pew Research Center estimates based on census data adjusted for undercount. In 2017, 45% were naturalized U.S. citizens.
Note from other source: Since 2007, visa overstays have accounted for a larger share of the growth in the illegal immigrant population than illegal border crossings (Seitz, A.; Weissert, Will (January 4, 2019). “AP FACT CHECK: Visa overstays outpace border crossings”. AP NEWS)
Illegal Immigrants – significant drop in last decade
From Pew Research, June 2019
- The number of unauthorized immigrants living in the United States has dropped to the level it was in 2004.
- There were 10.5 million unauthorized immigrants in the U.S. in 2017, representing 3.2% of the total U.S. population that year.
- The 2017 unauthorized immigrant total is a 14% drop from the peak of 12.2 million in 2007.
- The U.S. civilian workforce includes 7.6 million unauthorized immigrants, representing a decline since 2007. Between 2007 and 2017, the number of unauthorized immigrant workers fell by 625,000.
- From 2007 to 2017, individual states experienced different trends. The unauthorized immigrant population decreased in a dozen states: Arizona, California, Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Michigan, Nevada, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York and Oregon.
Illegal Immigrants – the data looks good – perhaps we should welcome them
From Wikipedia with source footnotes (refer to Wiki page)
- Research shows that illegal immigrants:
• Increase the size of the U.S. economy/contribute to economic growth.
• Enhance the welfare of natives.
• Contribute more in tax revenue than they collect.
• Reduce American firms’ incentives to offshore jobs and import foreign-produced goods.
• Benefit consumers by reducing the prices of goods and services.
• Commit less crime than natives.
- Economists estimate that legalization of the illegal immigrant population would increase the immigrants’ earnings and consumption considerably, and increase U.S. gross domestic product.
- Sanctuary cities—which adopt policies designed to avoid prosecuting people solely for being in the country illegally—have no statistically meaningful impact on crime, and may reduce the crime rate. Research suggests that immigration enforcement has no impact on crime rates.